Erythritol is a sugar alcohol, a type of sugar substitute. It occurs naturally in mushrooms, fermented foods and various fruits, such as grapes, melons and pears, and it is also found in supplement form as a crystalline powder.
Erythritol has been certified as tooth-friendly. The sugar alcohol cannot be metabolized by oral bacteria, and so does not contribute to tooth decay. Interestingly, Erythritol exhibits some, but not all, of Xylitol’s tendency to “starve” harmful bacteria. Unlike Xylitol, Erythritol is actually absorbed into the bloodstream after consumption but before excretion.
A new study from The Netherlands says Erythritol may exert a strong antioxidant activity which may protect vascular health of diabetics. The study with diabetic rats found that the sweetener could protect the cells lining the blood vessels from oxidative stress, a key process in the development of heart disease, according to findings from researchers from Maastricht University and Tate & Lyle.
Some possible traditional uses of Erythritol may include:
- Clean taste like regular sugar (about 80% as sweet as sugar) without the negative effects
- Does not promote tooth decay
- Zero calorie
- Safe for people with diabetes (0 on the glycemic scale)
- Clean sweet taste with no aftertaste
- Low laxative effect
- Possibly reducing the glycemic impact of a food/beverage, thereby reducing the effects of hyperglycemia-induced free radical formation
- Protecting the cells lining the blood vessels from oxidative stress
- High digestive tolerance